Em 2019 já poder-se-ia realizado
Preparações para várias projetos experimentais com o Rendimento Básico em França
Neste momento, vemos que em França existe a vontade de lançar um projeto experimental com Rendimento Básico. Pode explicar o que está a acontecer?
Notámos que precisamos um novo modelo de solidariedade em França já que o sistema atual de segurança social esgotou as suas possibilidades. Em 2009, o governo francês
the French government implemented a new system in order to guarantee unemployed people a minimal income and help them back into employment. But as it turned out, it is has not really contributed to diminishing poverty. The money is barely enough for people to live properly and many of them feel stigmatised by it. Furthermore, the application process is overly complicated and discourages lots of people who are actually entitled to the money. We are in desperate need of a new model. In France, the distribution of social benefits and the care of people in precarious situations are in the hands of the départements. In the département Gironde, where I am in charge of the politics of social integration, we started to seek out alternative options and eventually picked up the idea of basic income. The concept of replacing current social benefit systems with a basic income is not in any way new, but in fact widely talked about in France as well as in other places. While exploring the topic, we realised we could actually become pioneers of this social innovation by testing it in an experiment. Suddenly it was no longer a distant theory, but something potentially feasible. Other départements became interested in what we were doing and eventually joined us. At the moment, we are 13 départements working on this project. We recently started an online survey to see how people engage with the idea and which models they prefer. We think it is important for people to take matters into their own hands and help shape the vision. After all, this project belongs to us all.
Quais são os próximos passos?
We would like to start experimenting one of the basic income models in January 2019. However, from a legal perspective, we need a special law to do so. This is why we are preparing a legislative proposal for this summer that would enable us to use parts of the current social benefits funds for our basic income. This autumn, we will see if we have the government's support. If this is the case, the French parliament is gonna take a vote.
Quando é que veremos a implementação de um Rendimento Básico em França?
We see already that the basic income movement is gaining ground. The French government and the départements are watching it very closely. As for this autumn, it is crucial that the parliament give their go-ahead for the experiment to start. That would be a milestone for France and an important signal for Europe. But in the end, it all comes down to the results of our experiment, if we want to implement basic income on a larger scale. Should they turn out to be as promising as we hope them to be, all we need is a government bold enough to act accordingly.